Coronavirus (COVID-19): Theories & Reality

novel coronavirus

Today, our life has become mysterious and indulged with full of misconceptions and vibrant theories. If we start the journey of Novel Coronavirus then we can imagine that this human-created virus has really perplexed & frightened our daily lifestyle.

The term COVID-19, which was officially coined by the World Health Organization (WHO) on 11th February 2020, has created havoc all over the world. The virus has so far killed over 8 lakh and infected 24 lakh people worldwide.

Hence, get ready to explore with me about the deadly pandemic disease & sort in-built queries of your mind.


What Does COVID-19 Stand For?

COVID-19 stands for CoronaVirus Disease-2019. Here –

  • CO for Corona,
  • VI for Virus, and
  • D for Disease,
  • Numeral – 19 refer to the year (2019) in which the first case was detected.

What’s the other name of COVID-19?

SARS-CoV-2 (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2)
Importance: The new designation of the virus was given by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) on 11th February 2020.

This name was chosen because the virus is genetically related to SARS-like bat viruses (that caused SARS outbreak of 2003). Therefore, bats could be the possible primary reservoir.

Source of COVID-19

COVID-19 infection: Origin & Transmission
COVID-19 infection: Origin & Transmission

According to WHO sources, the deadliest novel coronavirus originated from the Hunan seafood market at Wuhan, China (in December 2019) where bats, snakes, raccoon dogs, palm civets, and other animals are sold, and from there, the Corona-virus rapidly spread up to 109 countries.

How does Novel COVID-19 Spread?

The virus spreads from person to person – when a person with COVID-19 coughs, sneezes, speaks or when he leaves infected materials like infected mucus on the surface. That’s why it is really important to wash your hands.

But, don’t’ be panic because approx 80% of people can recover from the disease without any special treatment if they properly follow Government-made rules & guidelines. COVID19-wash-hands

Most Common Novel Coronavirus Symptoms?

As per the new study published in the journal Frontiers in Public Health, the COVID-19 symptoms follow an order:

  1. The first symptom is fever,
  2. followed by cough,
  3. muscle pain,
  4. and then nausea,
  5. and/or vomiting,
  6. and diarrhea.

Hence, one must seek medical attention immediately if he/she infected from cycle of illnesses.

Most Vulnerable (Age Group)?

stay-homeThe attack rate (people affected per 1 lakh population) and the % of positive cases among those tested were highest in the 50 to 69 age group.

It’s my personal request to old-age people & those having serious medical problems (such as high blood pressure, heart and lung problems, diabetes, or cancer) — Please be serious about your LIFE & take all precautionary advice & follow them by heart.

How do we Protect Ourselves from Novel Coronavirus?

The BEST way to protect yourself is to –

  1. Stay at Home,
  2. Wear a Mask in public,
  3. Avoid Crowded places,
  4. Keep Physical Distance from others (at least 1-metre),
  5. Wash Hands with soap and water often and for at least 20 seconds,
  6. Practice good respiratory Hygiene, and
  7. Avoid touching the eyes, nose, or mouth with unwashed hands.


How to Boost your Immune System?

Globally, COVID-19 has completely justified one of the proverbs of our ancestors – Prevention Is Better Than Cure. Therefore, our first line of defence against the deadly disease is to choose a Great Wall of healthy lifestyle.

For this, the Ayurvedic immunity-boosting measures of the Ministry of AYUSH (India) are as follows:

  1. Drink herbal tea/decoction (Kadha) made from Tulsi (Basil), Dalchini (Cinnamon), Kalimirch (Black pepper), Shunthi (Dry Ginger) and Munakka (Raisin) – once or twice a day.
  2. Golden Milk– Half tea spoon Haldi (turmeric) powder in 150 ml hot milk – once or twice a day.
  3. Daily practice of Yogasana, Pranayama and Meditation for at least 30 minutes.
  4. Drink Warm Water throughout the day.


Besides the above measures, please follow some of the healthy-living strategies-

  1. Avoid smoke & drinking alcohol.
  2. Eat a diet high in fruits & vegetables.
  3. Exercise regularly & minimize stress.
  4. Maintain a healthy weight & take adequate sleep.


The above factors directly & indirectly contribute to a healthy immune system, and also helps in –

  • improving cardiovascular health,
  • lowering blood pressure,
  • controlling body weight,
  • & protecting against a variety of diseases.

Terms that troubles you!

  • Self-isolation – restricting activities or separating people who are not ill themselves but may have been exposed to COVID-19.
  • Self-quarantine – separating people who are ill with symptoms of COVID-19 and may be infectious to prevent the spread of the disease.

Covid-19 Vaccine: Claims & Reality


Till date, no such vaccines have been developed by any country that has completed clinical trials to prove its safety and efficacy.

Though, Russia has become the first country to approve a vaccine – Sputnik V – against the deadly coronavirus disease.  Even, India is in talks with Russia regarding it.

Oxford Covid-19 vaccine: The Serum Institute of India (SII- World’s largest vaccine-maker) has partnered with British-Swedish pharma company AstraZeneca for manufacturing the COVID-19 vaccine candidate, developed by the Jenner Institute of Oxford University.


Many other countries, institutes & organisations are also in the race to develop the COVID-19 vaccine. But, nothing was officially declared by WHO.

Epidemic vs. Pandemic?

  • Epidemic — When the incidence of disease rises above the expected level in a particular community or geographic area, it is called an epidemic.
  • Pandemic (A global epidemic) — Related to the geographic spread. It occurs when the epidemic affects a whole country or the entire world.
    Expansion Pathway of COVID-19 from Outbreak to Epidemic at Last to Pandemic

COVID Effect

Experts at AIIMS has said that Novel Coronavirus is a multi-systemic disease. It can affect not only the lungs but almost all organs.

However, more evidence is needed to be definitive about this as it is a new disease and limited information and experience regarding it is available as of now, Dr Ambuj Roy said.

Source: ScienceDirect, WHO, SSRN

Megha Jain

Megha Jain, a creative content creator who creates engaging, entertaining & educational content for her audience.

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